Volume 10, Issue 27 (11-2018)                   jcb 2018, 10(27): 20-30 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mohamadi F, Bagheri N, Kiani G, Babaeian Jelodar N. Evaluation of Reaction of some Rice Genotypes to Salinity Stress at Germination Stage. jcb. 2018; 10 (27) :20-30
URL: http://jcb.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-717-en.html
University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Sari, Iran
Abstract:   (921 Views)

In order to evaluate the response of rice genotypes to salinity stress at germination stage an experiment was conducted as a factorial experiment in a completely randomized design with three replications in Biotechnology La of Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University (SANRU). Sixteen rice genotypes were evaluated at four salinity levels (0, 40, 80 and 120 mM). The results of variance analysis showed a significant effect of salinity on the traits in different rice genotypes. According to the results of the mean comparison of the studied traits, with increasing salinity from the control level to 40, 80 and 120 mM, all traits showed a significant decrease. A simple correlation coefficient between the studied traits showed that the highest positive and significant correlation was observed between germination rate with germination percentage (r = 0.89). The results of the principal component analysis based on the eight traits in the germination stage showed that the two components were able to justify 77.66% of total changes.The first component emphasized on root length, root fresh weight, root dry weight, percentage and germination rate in positive direction.The cluster analysis of rice genotypes under stress of different levels of salinity on the basis of studied traits showed that L113, L21, L59, L33 and Shasttak Mohammadi genotypes in the third group had more salt tolerance than control (NONA BOKRA). Regarding the analysis, Shultak Mohammadi and L21 genotypes in terms of tolerance to stress in different levels of salinity were superior to other genotypes in this experiment and could be used in breeding programs.

Full-Text [PDF 517 kb]   (266 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/01/24 | Revised: 2018/12/8 | Accepted: 2018/04/3 | Published: 2018/12/8

1. Abbas, M.K., S.A. Ali, H.H. Hasan and R.H. Ghal. 2013. Salt tolerance study of six cultivars of rice (Oryza sativa L.) during germination and early seedling growth. Journal of agricultural science .Vol. 5, No. 1; ISSN, 250-259 pp. [DOI:10.5539/jas.v5n1p250]
2. Anbumalarmathi1, J. and P. Mehta. 2013. Effect of salt stress on germination of indica Rice varieties. EJBS, 6(1): 1-6.
3. Ashrafi, S.H., R. Hoseini, G.H. Garusi, A. Hadad and V. Morad nezhad. 2013. Nuclease enzyme activity rather than changes in the DNA single-strand braid, protein and chlorophyll a sensitive and tolerant to salt stress in two varieties of barley. Journal of cells and tissues, 2(4): 178-195 (In Persian).
4. Dubey, Y. and M. Rani. 1998. Influence of NaCl salinity on growth and metabolic status of protein and amino acids in rice seedlings. Department of biochermstijy faculty of science, Banaras. Hindu university varanasi-221005, India. J. Agronomy & Crop Science, 162: 97-106. [DOI:10.1111/j.1439-037X.1989.tb00694.x]
5. Eizad dost, H., H.A. Sami zade, B. Rabiei and S.H. Abdolahi. 2013. Evaluation of salinity tolerance in rice cultivars (Oryza sativa L.) with emphasis on stress tolerance index. Journal of cereal research, 3(3): 167-180 (In Persian).
6. Falah, A., E. Farahmand far and F. Moradi. 2015. Effect of salinity in different growth stages on some physiological characteristics of rice varieties in greenhouse. Journal of Agriculture, 107: 175-182 (In Persian).
7. Farahmand far, E., K. Postitni, A. Falah, R. Tavkol afshari and F. Moradi. 2009. Effect of salt stress on germination and early growth of rice cultivars and genotypes (Oryza sativa L.). Iranian Journal of Field Crop Science, 3(40): 71-94 (In Persian).
8. Ghasem khani, M. and G.H. Mohamadi nezhad. 2012. Locating genetic traits associated with salinity tolerance during germination and growth of rice. Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology, 2(4): 43-59 (In Persian).
9. Gholizade, F., S. Navab pur, H. Sabori and S.S. Ramezan pur. 2013. The effects of salinity on growth and physiological characteristics of rice genotypes at seedling stage in hydroponic. Journal of the crop, 1(5): 79-92 (In Persian).
10. Gholizade, F. 2012. The effect of salinity on seed germination of rice genotypes (Oryza sativa L.). Journal of Cell-Molecular Biotechnology News, 6(2) 1-7 (In Persian).
11. Ghomi, K.H. Sabori, H. Rabiei and A. Sabori. 2013. Evaluation of Seedling Stage and identify appropriate criteria to choose a segregating population salinity in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Journal of crop breeding, 12(5): 30-38 (In Persian).
12. Ghorbani, M.H., T.A. Hoseini and M. Zahed. 2007. Ten varieties of rice vegetative growth response to salt stress. A visa Agriculture and plant breeding, 1-8 (In Persian).
13. Habibolahi, N., M. Mahdie and M.R. Amirjani. 2012. The effect of salinity on growth, proline, the activity of antioxidant enzymes and efficiency of photosystem II in resistant rice varieties. Journal of biotech crops, 1(1): 1-11 (In Persian).
14. Hakim, M.A., A.S. Juraimi, M. Begum, M.M. Hanafi, R. Ismail Mohd and A. Selamat. 2010. Effect of salt stress on germination and early seedling growth of rice (Oryza sativa L.). African journal of biotechnology, 9(13): 1911-1918. [DOI:10.5897/AJB09.1526]
15. Hakim, M.A., A.S. Juraimi, M.M. Hanafi1, M.R. Ismail, M.Y. Rafii, M.M. Islam and A. Selamat. 2014. The effect of salinity on growth, ion accumulation and yield of rice varieties. The Journal of animal and plant Sciences, 24(3): 874-885. [DOI:10.1155/2014/208584]
16. Islam, M.M. and M.A. Karim. 2010. Evaluation of rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes at germination and early seedling stage for their tolerance to salinity. A scientific journal of Krishi foundation. The agriculturists, 8(2): 57-65. [DOI:10.3329/agric.v8i2.7578]
17. Mohamad zade, M., M. Noruzi, S.A. Peyghambari and A.R. Nabi Pur. 2009. Evluation of rice genotypes to salinity stress at germination stage. Journal of crop breeding, 1(1): 10-21 (In Persian).
18. Moradi nezhad, S.H. and M. Vazir Pur. 2007. Assessment of changes in viability, proline and chlorophyll local rice genotypes under salt stress. Journal of new agricultural science, 8(3): 69-80 (In Persian).
19. Ologundudu, A.F., A.A. Adelusi and R.O. Akinwale. 2014. Effect of salt stress on germination and growth parameters of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Not Sci Biol. Print ISSN, 237-243. [DOI:10.15835/nsb629163]
20. Rezaeian, M., M.A. Faramarzi, M. Niknam and H. Ebrahimi. 2014. The effect of salinity on growth, lipid peroxidation and phycobiliproteins Padaksayndh industries of the two species NostOk. Journal of Plant Research (Iranian Journal of Biology), 4(27): 661-673 (In Persian).
21. Sharifi, P. 2013. Evaluation of Salinity on the number of traits in rice seed germination. Journal of Plant and Ecosystem, 9: 1-34 (In Persian).

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Crop Breeding

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb