Volume 9, Issue 24 (3-2018)                   jcb 2018, 9(24): 112-118 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mahmudi S B, Abbasi Z. Evaluation Combining Ability of Sugar Beet Breeding Lines for Qualitative and Quantitative Traits and Resistant to Rhizomania Disease. jcb. 2018; 9 (24) :112-118
URL: http://jcb.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-943-en.html
Horticulture Crops Research Department, Esfahan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, (AREEO), Esfahan
Abstract:   (969 Views)
The most important step in developing of a sugar beet hybrid for target trait is selection of CMS line or single cross. In the present study, 12 progenies derived of 4 sugar beet lines(as female parent) with different level of rhizomania resistant, along with 3 pollinators 27270, 27273 and 27274(as male parent) and parents were evaluated in two locations (Mashhad and Shiraz) with rhizomania infestation in 5×5 latice design with 4 replications. The traits consisted of: Root yield (RY), sugar yield (SY), sugar content (SC), Na, K, N- , white sugar content (WSC), purity (PUR) and molas percent (MS). The data analyzed as factorial model in randomized complete block design. The results of genetic analyses in two locations showed significant differences among parents for all the traits except for K and N- . Variance of hybrid was significant for RY and SY. In Mashhad experiment L3 line and T3 pollinator and in Shiraz experiment L3 and L1 lines and T3 pollinator were selected as superior parents for RY, SY and N- traits. The value of SCA showed that in Mashhad experiment L1×T3, L2×T2, L3×T1 and L4×T1 crosses and in Shiraz experiment L1×T1, L2×T3 and L1×T3 had significant and positive value of SCA for RY and SY. As a total, the results showed that cross between a rhizomania susceptible single cross (L1) with a resistant pollinator (T3) was the best sugar beet hybrid among them.
Full-Text [PDF 436 kb]   (267 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: اصلاح نباتات، بیومتری
Received: 2018/03/10 | Revised: 2019/04/14 | Accepted: 2018/03/10 | Published: 2018/03/10

1. Ahmadi, M. 1996. Estimate genetic parameters of quantitative and qualitative traits of sugar beet by Diallel design. Master's thesis in Plant Breeding Shiraz University, College of Agriculture, 102 pp (In Persian).
2. Orazizade, M., S.Y. Sadeghian Motahar and M. Mesbah. 2002. Genetic parameters of resistance to agent of leaf spot (cercospora beticola) of sugar beet. Sugar beet Journal, 18: 15-27 (In Persian).
3. Ahmadi, M., E. Majidi Heravan, S.Y. Sadeghian, M. Mesbah and F. Darvish. 2011. Drought tolerance variability in S1 pollinator lines developed from a sugar beet open population. Euphytica, 178: 339-349. [DOI:10.1007/s10681-010-0307-8]
4. Biancardi, E., J.M. McGrath, L.W. Panella, R.T. Lewellen and P. Stevanato. 2010. Sugar Beet p., In J. E. Bradshaw, ed. Root and Tuber Crops. Handbook of plant breeding New York Dordrecht Heidelberg London, 173-221. [DOI:10.1007/978-0-387-92765-7_6]
5. Bosemark, N.O. 1993. Genetics and breeding, In D. A. Cooke and R. K. Scott, (eds). The sugar beet crops (science into practice), Chapman and Hall, 2-6 Boundary Row, London, U.K., pp: 67-119. [DOI:10.1007/978-94-009-0373-9_3]
6. Cacic, N., L. Kovacev, S. Mezei, P. Sklenar and N. Nagl. 1999. Mode of inheritance and combining abilities for some sugar beet traits (Beta vulgaris L.). Plant genetics and breeding, 32: 137-147.
7. Campbell, L.G., A.S. Basra and L.S. Randhawa. 2002. Sugar beet quality improvement. In, (eds). Quality Improvement in Field Crops. Food Products Press, 395-413. [DOI:10.1300/J144v05n01_16]
8. Cochran, W.G. and G.M. Cox. 1957. Experimental designs. (John Wiley and Sons, New York).
9. Comstock, R.E. and H.F. Robinson. 1948. The components of genetic variance in populations of biparental progenies and their use in estimating the average degree of dominance. Biometrics, 4: 254-256. [DOI:10.2307/3001412]
10. Curcic, Z. 2008. Effect of type resistance for rhizomania on combining abilities and quantitative traits of sugar beet, [M.Sc. Thesis].
11. De Biaggi, M., P. Stevanato, D. Trebbi, M. Saccomani and E. Biancardi. 2010. Sugar Beet Resistance to Rhizomania: State of the Art and Perspectives. Sugar Tech, 12: 238-242. [DOI:10.1007/s12355-010-0047-z]
12. Doney, D.L., J.C. Theurer and R.E. Wyse. 1985. Respiration efficiency and heterosis in sugar beet. Crop Science, 25: 448-450. [DOI:10.2135/cropsci1985.0011183X002500030005x]
13. Falconer, D.S., T.F. Mackay and R. Frankham. 1996. Introduction to quantitative genetics (4th edn). Trends in Genetics, 12(7): 280 pp. [DOI:10.1016/0168-9525(96)81458-2]
14. Hoffmann, C.M. 2010. Root Quality of Sugarbeet. Sugar Tech, 12: 276-287. [DOI:10.1007/s12355-010-0040-6]
15. Kearsey, M.J. and H.S. Pooni. 1996. The genetical analysis of quantitative traits Chapman and Hall, Stanley Thornes (Publishers) Ltd. London. [DOI:10.1007/978-1-4899-4441-2]
16. Pavlia, O.I., P. Stevanatob, E. Biancardic and G.N .Skaracisa. 2011. Achievements and prospects in breeding for rhizomania resistance in sugar beet. Field Crops Research, 122: 165-172. [DOI:10.1016/j.fcr.2011.03.019]
17. Reinefeld, E., A. Emmerich, G. Baumgarten, C. Winner and U. Beiß. 1974. Zur Voraussage des Melassezuckers aus Rübenanalysen. Zucker, 27: 2-15.
18. Schneider, K., R. Schäfer-Pregl, D.C. Borchardt and F. Salamini. 2002. Mapping QTLs for sucrose content, yield and quality in a sugar beet population fingerprinted by EST-related markers. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 104: 1107-1113. [DOI:10.1007/s00122-002-0890-8]
19. Srivastava, H.M., R. Kapur and B.L. Srivastava. 1986. Heterosis, combining ability and gene action in a seven parent diallel in sugar beet. Indian Journal of Genetics and plant Breeding, 46: 484-489.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Crop Breeding

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb