دوره 9، شماره 24 - ( زمستان 1396 )                   جلد 9 شماره 24 صفحات 119-136 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Bihamta M, Shirkavand M, Hasanpour J, Afzalifar A. Evaluation of Durum Wheat Genotypes under Normal Irrigation and Drought Stress Conditions. jcb. 2018; 9 (24) :119-136
URL: http://jcb.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-944-fa.html
بی همتا محمدرضا، شیرکوند مهدی، حسن پور جواد، افضلی فر امین. ارزیابی ژنوتیپ های گندم دوروم در شرایط آبیاری و تنش خشکی . پژوهشنامه اصلاح گیاهان زراعی. 1396; 9 (24) :119-136

URL: http://jcb.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-944-fa.html


دانشگاه تهران
چکیده:   (1289 مشاهده)
استفاده از ارقام پرمحصول و مقاوم به خشکی در محصولات زراعی یکی از راهکارهای موثری است که در تلفیق سایر
روش­های مدیریت کم آبی می­تواند تأثیر این پدیده را به حداقل برساند. تحقیق حاضر برای رسیدن به­این هدف روی 100 ژنوتیپ گندم دوروم در شرایط بدون تنش و تنش خشکی صورت گرفت. ژنوتیپ­ها در هر آزمایش، در قالب طرح لاتیس در سه تکرار ارزیابی شدند.
نتایج تجزیه واریانس نشان داد که اختلاف ژنوتیپ­ها از لحاظ تمام صفات در هر دو شرایط آزمایش بسیار معنی­دار بوده و تنوع ژنتیکی زیادی را بین صفات نشان داد. تجزیه علیت برای عملکرد دانه نشان داد که بیشترین اثر مستقیم و مثبت توسط صفات مقدار کل ماده­خشک و کمترین اثر صفت تاریخ سنبله­دهی تا رسیدگی کامل بود. در شرایط تنش خشکی بیشترین اثر مستقیم و مثبت توسط صفت طول پدانکل بود در حالی­که تعداد سنبله، طول گیاه، مقدار کل ماده­خشک و تاریخ جوانه­زنی تا رسیدگی کامل دارای تأثیر مستقیم و منفی بود. تجزیه به عامل­ها در شرایط بدون تنش و تنش خشکی به­ترتیب 5/80 و 3/83 درصد از تغییرات را توجیه کرد. برای تعیین برآورد بهتر عملکرد دانه شاخص خشکی STI، SSI، MP، GMPو TOL محاسبه و مشخص گردید که بر اساس شاخص TOL ژنوتیپ­های 21، 45 و 3 و با توجه به شاخص­های MP، GMP و  STI ژنوتیپ­های 78، 34، 71، 21 و 45 دارای برترین پاسخ از لحاظ تحمل به خشکی بودند. براساس تجزیه خوشه­ای
ژنوتیپ­های مورد بررسی در هر دو شرایط در چهار گروه قرار گرفتند.
متن کامل [PDF 753 kb]   (831 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: اصلاح نباتات، بیومتری
دریافت: ۱۳۹۶/۱۲/۱۹ | ویرایش نهایی: ۱۳۹۸/۱/۲۵ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۶/۱۲/۱۹ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۶/۱۲/۱۹

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