Volume 9, Issue 24 (3-2018)                   jcb 2018, 9(24): 119-136 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Bihamta M, Shirkavand M, Hasanpour J, Afzalifar A. Evaluation of Durum Wheat Genotypes under Normal Irrigation and Drought Stress Conditions. jcb. 2018; 9 (24) :119-136
URL: http://jcb.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-944-en.html
Agronomy and Plant Breeding, University of Tehran
Abstract:   (1986 Views)
The use of high yielding and resistant to drought stress cultivars in crops is one of the proper way to incorporation other water deficit management methods. This study in order to evaluate grain yield and morphological traits, an experiment was conducted with 100 genotypes of durum wheat which were planted based on lattice design with three replications under normal and drought stress conditions at the Agricultural Research Station in Varamin. The results showed that total dry matter have a highest positive direct effect on grain yield, whereas, grain yield filling period had the lowest effect and grain yield filling period via harvest index had the positive indirect effect on yield. Under stress condition, peduncle length had the highest positive direct effect on grain yield whereas, spike number, plant length, total dry matter, and date from germination to maturity had negative and direct effect. Factor analysis explained 80.5 and 83.3 of the total variation under normal and drought conditions, respectively. To estimate better grain yield, drought tolerance indices were determined and genotypes 3, 45 and 21 were identified with the lowest value of the indices MP, GMP and STI that were for drought condition while genotypes 45, 21, 71, 34, 78 had the highest value of the mentioned indices and were suitable for both conditions. Cluster analysis grouped genotypes into four clusters in both conditions which confirmed the results of stepwise regression as well as path analysis that could separate genotypes with high grain yield from others as well as traits affecting yield compared to other traits.
Full-Text [PDF 753 kb]   (1062 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: اصلاح نباتات، بیومتری
Received: 2018/03/10 | Revised: 2019/04/14 | Accepted: 2018/03/10 | Published: 2018/03/10

1. Abolhasani, K. and G. Saeidi. 2006. Evaluation of drought tolerance in safflower based on tolerant and susceptibility indices to water stress. Water abd Soil Science (Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Researches, 10: 407-418.
2. Aghaee Sarbarzeh, M., M. Rostaee, R. Mohammadi, R. Haghparast and R. Rajabi. 2010. Determination of drought tolerant genotypes in bread wheat. EJCP, 2: 1-23.
3. Aharizad, S., V. Ahmadi and S. Mohammadi. 2011. Bread wheat inbred line responses to drought stress and grouping them. Journal of Crop Ecophysiology (Agriculture Science), 4: 67-78.
4. Ahmadi, G., H. Zeinaly Khane Ghah and M.A. Rostamy. 2000. The study of drought indices and biplot method in eight corn hybrids. Iranian Journal of Agricultural Science, 31: 513-523.
5. Ahmadi, A., M. Saeedi and A. Zalli. 2005. Drought resistance and its relation with yield, leaf area and crop growth rate during reproductive stage in bread wheat genotypes with different breeding backgrounds. Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, 12: 82-90 (In Persian).
6. Ahmadizadeh, M., H. Shahbazi, M. Valizadeh and M. Zaefizadeh. 2011. Genetic diversity of durum wheat landraces using multivariate analysis under normal irrigation and drought stress conditions. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 6: 2294-2302.
7. Alaei, M., M. Zaefizadeh, A. Atamehr, M. Khayatnezhad and Z. Alaei. 2011. Analysis of drought resistance sources from detection function and regression analysis in durum wheat. Advanced Environment Biology, 5: 136-140.
8. Al-Karaki, GA. 2012. Phenological Development-Yield Relationships in Durum Wheat Cultivars under Late-Season High-Temperature Stress in a Semiarid Environment. International Scholarly Research Network, 1-7 pp. [DOI:10.5402/2012/456856]
9. Amiri Fahliani, A. and M.T. Assad. 2005. Evaluation of Three Physiological Traits for Selecting Drought Resistant Wheat Genotypes. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 7: 81-87.
10. Ashrafi parchin, R., A. Najaphy, E. Farshadfar and S. Hokmalipour. 2011. Evaluation of wheat genotypes under drought stress based on phonological traits. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Science, 3: 12-19.
11. Attarbashi, M.R., S. Galeshi, A. Soltani and E. Zinali. 2002. Relationship of phenology and physiologicaltraits with grain yield in wheat under rainfed conditions. Iranian Journal of Agricultural Science, 33: 8-21.
12. Azizinya, S., M.R. Bihamta, A.A. Zali, B. Yazdi Samadi and A. Ahmadi. 2005. An evaluation of quantitative traits related to drought resistance in synthetic wheat genotypes in stress and non-stress conditions. Iranian Journal of Agricultural Science, 36: 281-293.
13. Borras, L., G.A. Slafer and M.E. Otegui. 2004. Seed dry weight response to source-sink manipulations in wheat, maize and soybean: a quantitative reappraisal. Field Crops Research, 86: 131-146. [DOI:10.1016/j.fcr.2003.08.002]
14. Cooper, M., D.E. Byth and D.K. Woodruff. 1994. An investigation of the grain yield adaptation of advanced CIMMYT wheat lines to water stress environments in Queensland I: Crop physiological analysis. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 45: 965-984. [DOI:10.1071/AR9940965]
15. Damania, A.B. and M.T. Jackson. 1986. An application of factor analysis to morphological data of wheat and barley landraces from the Bheri River Valley, Nepal. Rachis, 5: 25-30.
16. Dastfal, M., V. Barati, Y. Emam, H. Haghighatnia and M. RamezanPour. 2012. Evaluation of grain yield and yield component in wheat genotypes under late drought stress in Darab Zone. Seed and Plant Production Journal, 27: 195-217.
17. Dencic, S., R. Kastori, B. Kobiljski and B. Duggan. 2000. Evaluation of grain yield and its components in wheat cultivars and landraces under near optimal and drought conditions. Euphytica, 113: 43-52. [DOI:10.1023/A:1003997700865]
18. Donald, CM., J. Hamblin and N.C. Brady. 1976. The biological yield and harvest index of cereals as agronomic and plant breeding criteria. In: Advances in Agronomy, 28: 361-405. [DOI:10.1016/S0065-2113(08)60559-3]
19. Drikvand, R., B. Doosty and T. Hosseinpour. 2012. Response of Rain fed Wheat Genotypes to Drought Stress Using Drought Tolerance Indices. Journal of Agricultural Science, 4: 126-131. [DOI:10.5539/jas.v4n7p126]
20. Ebadi, A., K. Sajed and R. Asgari. 2007. Effects of water deficit on dry matter remobilization and grain filling trend in three spring barley genotypes. Journal of Food Agricultural. Environment, 5: 359-362.
21. Ehdaei, B., G.A. Alloush, M.A. Madore and J.G. Waines. 2006. Genotypic variation for stem reserves and mobilization in wheat. I. Post-anthesis changes in internode dry matter. Crop Science, 46: 735-746. [DOI:10.2135/cropsci2005.04-0033]
22. Ehdaie, B. and J.G. Waines. 1996. Genetic variation for contribution of parenthesis assimilates to grain yield spring wheat. Journal of Genetic and Breeding, 50: 47-56.
23. Eskandari, H. and K. Kazemi. 2010. Response of different bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes to post-anthesis water deficit. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 2: 49-52. [DOI:10.15835/nsb245002]
24. Evans, L.T. and I.F. Wardlaw. 1996. In: Zamski E and Schaffer AA (Eds.), Photo assimilate Distribution in Plants and Crops. Marcel Dekker INC, New York, pp: 501-518.
25. Evans, L.T. and R.L. Dunstone. 1970. Some physiological aspects of evaluation in wheat. Australian Journal of Biological Science, 23: 725-741. [DOI:10.1071/BI9700725]
26. Ezzat Ahmadi, M., G. NourMohammadi, M. Ghodsi and M. Kafi. 2012. Evaluation of drought tolerance and use of promising bread wheat genotypes stem resources under different water and photosynthesis stress. Iranian Journal of Field Crops Research, 9: 758-769.
27. Fallahi, H.A., J. Alat Jafar Bay and F. Seyyedi. 2012. Evaluation of drought tolerance in Durum wheat genotypes using drought tolerance indices. Seed and Plant Improvement Journal, 27: 15-22.
28. http://www.Fao.org.
29. Farshadfar, E. and J. Sutka. 2003. Multivariate analysis of drought tolerance inwheat substitution lines. Cereal Research Communications, 31: 33-40.
30. Farshadfar, E., M. Farshadfar and F. Farshadfar. 2011. Screening agronomic, physiological and metabolite indicators of drought tolerance in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). American Journal of Scientific Research, 38: 88-96.
31. Fernandez, G.C.J. 1992. Effective selection criteria for assessing plant stress tolerance. In Proceedings of a Symposium. Taiwan, 257-270.
32. Fischer, R.A. and R. Maurer. 1978. Drought resistance in spring wheat cultivars. I: grain yield response. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 29: 897-912. [DOI:10.1071/AR9780897]
33. Fischer, R.A. 1973. The effects of water at various stages of development on yield processes in wheat, In: Proceedings of Plant Responses to Climate Factors Symposium. Unesco, Paris, 233-241.
34. Ghaffari, G., M. Toorchi, S. Aharizad and M.R. Shakiba. 2011. Evaluation of traits related to water deficit stress in winter rapeseed cultivars. Universal Journal of Environmental Research and Technology, 1: 338-350.
35. Ghamarnia, H. and J.W. Gowing. 2005. Effect of water stress on three wheat cultivars. ICID 21st European Regional Conference. May. Frankfurt (order) and Slubice Germany and Poland, 15-19.
36. Golabadi, M., A. Arzani and M. Maibody. 2006. Assessment of drought tolerance in segregating populations in durum wheat. African Journal of Agriculture Research, 1: 162-171.
37. Golparvar, A.R. 2000. Evaluation of some genotypes of wheat under drought stressed and non-stressed conditions and determination of the most suitable selection criteria in both conditions. MSc. Dissertation, College of Agriculture, University of Tehran, Karaj, 143 pages (in Persian).
38. Hafiz, M., M. Akram, I. Sarfraz, M. Saeed, A. Yar, A. Ali, KA. Sahi and MA. Nadeen. 2004. Drought tolerance studies of wheat genotypes. Pakistan Journal of Biological Science, 71: 90-92. [DOI:10.3923/pjbs.2004.90.92]
39. Hamam, K.A. 2008. Increasing yield potential of promising bread wheat lines under drought stress. Journal of Agriculture Biology Science, 4: 842-860.
40. Hasani, S., H. Pirdashti, R. Mesbah and N. Babaian Jolodar. 2007. Evaluation of drought tolerance indices in yield of six cultivars of Virginia tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.). Seed and Plant Improvement Journal, 24: 129-144.
41. Hay, R.K. and A.J. Walker. 1994. An introduction to the physiology of crop yield, 571 pp.
42. Hohls, T. 2001. Conditions under which selection for mean productivity, tolerance to environmental stress, or stability should be used to improve yield across a range of contrasting environments. Euphytica, 120: 235-245. [DOI:10.1023/A:1017569415098]
43. Johnson, A.M. and D.E. Fowler. 1992. Response of no-till winter wheat to nitrogen fertilization and drought stress. Canadian Journal of Plant Sciences, 72: 1057-1089. [DOI:10.4141/cjps92-134]
44. Karami, E., M.R. Ghannadha, M.R. Naghavi and M. Mardi. 2005. Identifying of drought tolerant varieties in barley. Iranian Journal of Agriculture Science, 37: 371-379 (In Persian).
45. Karami, E., M.R. Ghannadha, M.R. Naghavi and M. Mardi. 2006. Detection of drought tolerant cultivars in barley. Iranian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 37: 371-379 (In Persian).
46. Khalili M., MR. Naghavi, AR. Pour Aboughadareh and J. Talebzadeh .2012. Evaluating of Drought Stress Tolerance based on selection indices in spring canola cultivars (Brassica napus L.). JAS, 4:78-85. [DOI:10.5539/jas.v4n11p78]
47. Khashif, M. and I. Khaliq. 2004. Heritability, correlation and path coefficient analysis for some metric traits in wheat International Journal of Agriculture Biology, 6: 138-142.
48. Khavarinejad, M.S. and A.V. Babajanov. 2011. Identification of relationships of quantitative and morphological traits to spring wheat genotype yields in drought levels of Mazandaran (north of Iran). International Journal of Agricultural Science, 1: 329-339.
49. Khayatnezhad, M., M. Zaefizadeh and R. Gholamain. 2011. Factor analysis of yield and other traits of durum wheat under drought stress and no stress conditions. Plant Echophysiology, 3: 23-27.
50. Khayatnezhad, M., M. Zaefizadeh and R. Gholamain. 2011. Factor analysis of yield and other traits of durum wheat under drought stress and no stress conditions. Plant Echo-physiology, 3: 23-27.
51. Kirigwi, F.M., M. Can Ginkel, R. Trethowan, R.G. Sears, S. Rajaram and G.M. Paulsen. 2004. Evaluation of selection strategies for wheat adaptation across water regimes. Euphytica, 135: 361-371. [DOI:10.1023/B:EUPH.0000013375.66104.04]
52. Leilah, A.A. and S.A. Al-Khateeb. 2005. Statistical analysis of wheat yield under drought conditions. Journal of Arid Environments, 61: 483-496. [DOI:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2004.10.011]
53. Lopez, C.G., G.M. Banowetz, C.J. Peterson and W.E. Kronstad. 2003. Dehydrin expression and drought tolerance in seven wheat cultivars. Crop Sci, 43: 577-582. [DOI:10.2135/cropsci2003.0577]
54. Mardeh. A.S.S., A. Ahmadi, K. Poustini and V. Mohammadi. 2006. Evaluation of drought resistance indices under various environmental conditions, Field Crops Researches, 98: 222-229. [DOI:10.1016/j.fcr.2006.02.001]
55. Merah, O.J., L. Araus, I. Souyris, M. Nachit, E. Deleens and P. Monneveux. 2001. Carbon isotope discrimination: Potential interest for grain yield improvement in durum wheat. CIHEAM-options Mediterranean's, 299-301.
56. Mi, G., L. Tang, F. Zhang and J. Zhang. 2000. Is nitrogen uptake after anthesis in wheat regulated by sink size? Field Crops Research, 68: 183-190. [DOI:10.1016/S0378-4290(00)00119-2]
57. Moayedi, A.A., A.N. Boyce and S.S. Barakbah. 2010. The performance of durum and bread wheat genotypes associated with yield and yield component under different water deficit conditions. Australian Journal of Basic Applied Science, 4: 106-113.
58. Moghaddam, M., B. Ehdaie and J.G. Waines. 1998. Genetic variation for and inter-relationships among agronomic traits in landraces of bread wheat from southwestern Iran. Journal of Genetics and Breeding, 52: 73-81.
59. Moghaddasi, L., V. Rashidi and A. Haghighi. 2010. Effect of drought stress on grain yield anf some morphological traits in Durum wheat lines. Journal of Crop Eco-physiology (Agriculture Science), 3: 41-53.
60. Mohamed, N.A. 1999. Some statistical procedures for evaluation of the relative contribution for yield components in wheat. Zagazig Journal of Agricultural Research, 26: 281-290.
61. Mohammadi, M., M.R. Ghannadha and A.R. Tale'ee. 2002. Study of the genetic variation within Iranian local bread wheat lines using multivariate techniques. Seed and Plant Improvement Journal, 18: 328-347 (In Persian).
62. Nachit, M.M. and A. Quassou. 1988. Association of yield potential, drought tolerance and stability of yield in T. turgidum var. durum. In:Proceedings of the 7th International wheat symposium. Cambridge, UK, 867-870.
63. Naderi, A., E. Majidi-Heravan, A. Hashemi-Dezfuli, A.M. Rezaie and G. NourMohamadi. 2000. Efficiency analysis of indices for tolerance to environmentalstresses in field crops and introduction of a new index. Seed and Plant, 15: 390-402 (In Persian).
64. Naghavi, M., A. Shahbazi and A. Talaeei. 2002. Study of diversity of agronomy and morphological traits of genetics resources of durum wheat. Journal of Agronomy Science. Iran, 2: 81-88.
65. Naghavi, M.R., A.R. Pour-Aboughadareh and M. Khalili. 2013. Evaluation of drought tolerance indices for screening some of corn (Zea mays L.) cultivars under environmental conditions. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 5: 388-393. [DOI:10.15835/nsb539049]
66. Oosterhius, D.M. and P.M. Carwtright. 1983. Spike differentiation and floret survival in semi dwarf spring wheat as affected by water stress and photoperiod. Crop Science, 23: 711-717. [DOI:10.2135/cropsci1983.0011183X002300040026x]
67. Pheloung, P.C. and K.H.M. Siddique. 1991. Contribution of stem reserves to grain yield inwheat cultivars. Australian Journal of Plant Physiol, 18: 53-64. [DOI:10.1071/PP9910053]
68. Richard, R.A. 1996. Defining selection criteria to improve yield under drought. Plant Growth Regulation, 20: 157-166. [DOI:10.1007/BF00024012]
69. Richards, R.A., A.G. Condon and G.J. Rebetzke. 2001. Traits to improve yield in dry environments. Application of Physiology in wheat breading, M.P. Reynolds et al. (Eds.), CIMMYT, 88-110 pp.
70. Roostaee, M., D. Sadeghzadeh and Y. Arshad. 2003. Study of relationship of wheat grain yield-affecting traits by factor analysis under rain-fed conditions. Agriculture Knowledge, 13 pp (In Persian).
71. Royo, C., M. Abaza, R. Blanco and L.F. Garcia Del Moral. 2000. Triticale grain growth and morphometry as affected by drought stress, late sowing and simulated drought stress. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, 27: 1051-1059. [DOI:10.1071/PP99113]
72. Sajad-Bokaei, A., H. Babaei, D. Habibi, S. Javidfar and A. Mohammadi. 2008. Evaluation of different soybean (Glycine max L.) genotypes under drought stress conditions. Journal of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, 4: 28 -38.
73. Sanjari Pireivatlou, A. and A. Yazdansepas. 2008. Evaluation of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes under Pre- and Post-anthesis Drought Stress Conditions. Journal of Agriculture Science Technology, 10: 109-121.
74. Schneider, A.D., J.T. Musick and D.A. Dusek. 1969. Efficient wheat irrigation with limited water. Transaction of the ASAE, 12: 23-26. [DOI:10.13031/2013.38752]
75. Semeena, S. and L. Singh. 2001. Studies on path co-efficient analysis of harvest index and its related traits in wheat. Indian Journal of Agriculture Science, 35: 127-129.
76. Shahryari, R., B. Mahfoozi, V. Mollasadeghi and M. Khayatnezhad. 2011. Genetic diversity in bred wheat for phonological and morphological traits under terminal drought stress condition. Advanced Environment Biology, 5: 169-172.
77. Shimshi, D., M.L. Mayoral and D. Atsmon. 1982. Responses to water stress in wheat and related wild species. Crop Science, 22: 123-128. [DOI:10.2135/cropsci1982.0011183X002200010028x]
78. Shirani Rad, A.H. and A. Abbasian. 2011. Evaluation of drought tolerance in rapeseed genotypes under non stress and drought stress conditions. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 39: 164-171. [DOI:10.15835/nbha3926172]
79. Siani, H.S. and D. Aspinall. 1981. Effects of water deficit on sporogenesis in wheat. Annals of Botany, 43: 623-633. [DOI:10.1093/oxfordjournals.aob.a086170]
80. Sio-se Mardeh, A., A. Ahmadi, K. Poustini and V. Mohammadi. 2006. Evaluation of drought resistance indices under various environmental conditions. Field Crop Researches, 98: 222-229. [DOI:10.1016/j.fcr.2006.02.001]
81. Soleymanifard, A., R. Naseri and M. Moradi. 2012. The study genetic variation and factor analysis for agronomic traits of Durum wheat genotypes using cluster analysis and path analysis under drought stress condition in western of Iran. Journal of Applied Basic Science, 3: 479-485.
82. Solomon, KF. and MT. Labuschagne. 2004. Inheritance of evapotranspiration and transpiration efficiencies in diallel F hybrids of durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. var. durum). Euphytica, 136: 69-79. [DOI:10.1023/B:EUPH.0000019522.80626.48]
83. Subhani, G.M. and M.A. Chowhdry. 2000. Correlation and path coefficient analysis in bread wheat under drought stress and normal conditions. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 3: 72-77. [DOI:10.3923/pjbs.2000.72.77]
84. Sundari, T., S. Tohari and W. Mangoendidjojo. 2005. Yield performance and tolerance of mungbeam genotypes to shading. Ilmu. Pertanian, 12: 12-19.
85. Talebi, R., F. Fayyaz and A.M. Naji. 2010. Genetic variation and interrelationships of agronomic characteristics in durum wheat under two constructing water regimes. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, 53: 785-791. [DOI:10.1590/S1516-89132010000400006]
86. Tousi Mojarad, M., M.R. Ghanadha, M. Khodarahimi and S. Shahabi. 2005. Factor analysis for grain yield and other traits of wheat. Agronomy Journal, 67: 9-16.
87. Trethowan, R.M., M. Van Ginkel and S. Rajram. 2002. Progress in breeding wheat for yield and adaptation in global drought affected environments. Crop Science, 42: 1441-1446. [DOI:10.2135/cropsci2002.1441]
88. Vijendra Das, L.D. 2000. Problems facing plant breeding. CBS Publishers and Distributors. New Delhi, India,242 pages.
89. Wardlaw, I.F. 1971. The early stages of grain development in wheat. Response to water stress in a single variety. Australian Journal of Biology Science, 24: 1047-1055. [DOI:10.1071/BI9711047]
90. Warrington, I.J., R.I. Dunstone and L.M. Green. 1997. Temperature effects at three development stages on the yield of the water ear. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 28: 11-27. [DOI:10.1071/AR9770011]
91. Yadav, R.S., C.T. Hash, F.R. Bidinger and C.J. Howarth. 1999. Identification and utilization of quantitative trait loci to improve terminal drought tolerance in pearl millet (Pennisetum Glaucum L. R. Br.) CIMMYT. Workshop on Molecular Approaches for the genetic improvement of cereals for stable production in water-limited Environments, 108-113.
92. Yang, J., J. Zhang, Z. Huang, Q. Zhu and L. Wang. 2000. Remobilization of carbon reserves is improved by controlled soil drying during grain filling of wheat. Crop Science, 40: 1645-1655. [DOI:10.2135/cropsci2000.4061645x]
93. Zaeifizadeh, M., M. Khayatnezhad, M. Ghasemi, J. Azimi and M. Vahabzadeh. 2011. Path Analysis of Yield and Yield Components in Synthetic Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes. Advaced Environment Biology, 5: 98-103.
94. Zahravi, M. 2009. Evaluation of Genotypes of Wild Barley (Hordeum spontaneum) Based on Drought Tolerance Indices. Seed and Plant Improvement Journal, 25: 533-549.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Crop Breeding

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb