Volume 11, Issue 30 (9-2019)                   jcb 2019, 11(30): 108-117 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mohebodini M, Mehri N, Fathi R. Evaluation of Genotype and Environment Effects on Agro-Morphological Traits in Black Cumin (Nigella Sativa L.) Ecotypes. jcb. 2019; 11 (30) :108-117
URL: http://jcb.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-894-en.html
department of horticultural science
Abstract:   (265 Views)
Black cumin (Nigella sativa L.) is one of the medicinal plants of Ranunculaceae family. Its seeds are containing oils, proteins, alkaloids (such as nigellicine and nigellidine), quinines (such as thymoquinone), sapiens and essential oil. Genetic diversity is important in breeding programs, so that selection depends on the existence of genetic diversity in traits. Therefore, an investigation was carried out to select the most successful Black cumin ecotype (s) and to assess the genetic diversity according to the morphological and agronomical traits in some of black cumin ecotypes at two locations based on randomized complete block design with 4 replications (in the research filed of Mohaghegh Ardabili University and Khalkhal city). The results of analysis of variance showed significant differences among studied traits in both locations, wich indicates the existance of genetic variation between ecotypes and the difference in location effect on yield and morphological traits of black cumin ecotypes. According to the results of correlation analysis, it can be concluded that the biological yield, leaf number, number of stem branches and number of flowers and follicle were the most important and effective traits affecting yield and considering that among genotypes, the biggest diversity were observed for these traits, therefore, selecting and breeding for these traits can ideally improve the grain yield. Comparison of means of grain yield showed that Karaj, Ardabil 1, Takestan, Hamadan, Lordegan ecotypes were superior to other ecotypes in both locations.
Full-Text [PDF 317 kb]   (84 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2018/01/8 | Revised: 2019/09/15 | Accepted: 2018/11/10 | Published: 2019/09/11

References
1. Ahmad, Z., S. Hussain, M.S. Iqbal, M. Irfan, N. Rehman, A. Jamal, A. Qayyum and A. Ghafoor. 2009. Collection and characterization of germplasm of some underutilized plant species in Pakistan, New Crops and Uses: 219-233 pp.
2. Amini, M., H. Fallah Hosseini, R. Mohtashami, Z. Sadeghi and M.A. Ghamar Chehre. 2011. Effect of seed oil (Nigella sativa L.) on the blood lipid level of healthy volunteers - a doubl acting clinical trial. Article of Medicinal Plants, 10(4): 133-138 (In Persian).
3. Asadi, B., SH. Vaeazi and A. Fathi Haftshjani. 2015. Genetic diversity and classification of Chitti Bean genotypes using multivariate analysis methods. Seed and Plant Improvement Journal, 4(1): 641-652 (In Persian).
4. Bahrami Najad, S. and A. Papzan. 2006. Effect of row spacing on different characteristics of black cumin (Nigella sativa L.) under Kermanshah conditions. Iranian Journal of Crop Sciences, 8(3): 241-249 (In Persian).
5. Antuono, L.F., A. Moretti and A.F.S. Lovato .2002. Seed yield, yield components, oil content and essential oil content and composition of Nigella sativa L. and Nigella damascena. Industrial Crops and Products, 15: 59-69. [DOI:10.1016/S0926-6690(01)00096-6]
6. Fanaei, H.R., H. Akbari Moghadam, G.A. Keigha, M. Ghaffarie and A. Alli. 2005. Evaluation of agronomy and essential oil components of Cuminum cyminum L., Foeniculum vulgar Mill. And Nigella sativa L. in the condition of Sistan region. Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 22(1): 34-41 (In Persian).
7. Faravani, M., A.R. Razavi and M. Farsi. 2006. Study of variation in some agronomic and anatomic characters of Nigella sativa landraces in Khorasan. Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 22(3): 193-197 (In Persian).
8. Hoseinpanahi, S., M. Majdi and Gh. Mirzaghaderi. 2016. Effects of growth regulators on in vitro callogenesis and regeneration of black cumin (Nigella sativa L.). Iranian Journal of Rangelands and Forests Plant Breeding and Genetic Research, 24(2): 233-242 (In Persian).
9. Ilcim, A., G. Kokdil, G. Ozbilgin and C. Uygun. 2006. Morphology and stem anatomy of some species of Nigella sativa L. in Turkey. Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Ankara, 35(1): 19-41.
10. Kheirodin, H. and KH. GHazvinian. 2011. Medicinal and aromatic plants, atributies and applications 1, Semnan, Iran, Samengan, 250 pp.
11. Norozpoor, G. and P. Rezvani Moghaddam. 2006. Effect of different irrigation intervals and plant density on oil yield and essences percentage of black cumin (Nigella sativa L.). Pajouhesh & Sazandegi, 73: 133-138 (In Persian).
12. Salamati, M.S. and H. Zeinali. 2011. Evaluation of genetic diversity of some Nigella sativa L. genotypes using agro-morphological characteristics. Iranian Journal of medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 29(1): 201-204 (In Persian).
13. Salehi, M. and Gh. Saeidi. 2011. Genetic variation of some agronomic traits and yield component in breeding lines of sesame. Journal of Crop Breeding, 4(9): 77-92 (In Persian).
14. Sharifi, P., H. Astereki and M.R. Safari Motlagh. 2014. Evaluation of genotype, environment and genotype × environment interaction effects on some of important quantitative traits of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.), Journal of Crop Breeding, 6(13): 73-88 (In Persian).
15. Smith, D. 1970. Influence of temperature on the yield and chemical composition of five forage legume species. Agronomy Journal, 62: 520-525. [DOI:10.2134/agronj1970.00021962006200040028x]
16. William, R.O. 2002. Introduced forage for south and south centeral Taxas. Taxas Agricultural Extension Service. http//: www.stephenville, tamu, edu/butter/forage soft establishment/introduced forage.
17. Yousefi Azarkhanian, M., A. Asghari, J. Ahmadi and A.A. Jafari. 2016. Investigation of morphological variation among some Salvia L. species and ecotypes by multivariate statistical analysis, Journal of Crop Breeding, 8(20): 133-141 (In Persian).

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Crop Breeding

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb