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Seed and Plant Improvement Departments, Kermanshah Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center, AREEO, Kermanshah, Iran.
Abstract:   (44 Views)
       In order to evaluate the grain yield and other agronomic and qualitative characteristics of foreign corn hybrids, this experiment was conducted with 13 new maize hybrids and two Commercial hybrid (BC-62, BC632, BC-621, BC628, BC-512, BC-595, PL-472, BC-525, Valbum, BC-626, BC-585, Torro, Simon, KSC 704 and KSC 703), in a randomized complete block design with four replications in Mahdasht research station in 2016. Analysis of variance showed that cultivar effect on grain yield, yield components and grain yield was significant at 1% probability level. The BC-621 was the best treatment with 359 grams of grain weight, very low percentage of cob (12.4%) and high grain yield (15.060 t/ha) and shorter physiological reach (137 days). The BC-512 and BC-626 hybrids with physiological reach (138 and 136 days) and 1000 kernel weight (331 and 324 g) and cob (13.5% and 16.7%) and grain yields (14.430 and 13.830 t/h) were superior hybrids. The Torro hybrid was also a good cultivar with a 1000 kernel weight of 396 grams and a cob percentage (15 %), and a grain yield of 12.980 t/h and a physiological reach of 137 day. These hybrids are high-yielding and compatible and very suitable for cultivation in the temperate regions of Kermanshah province. These hybrids had a very good position in terms of type, plant height and low leaf shade in the plant, and the ability to penetrate sunlight on the lower leaves. The four hybrids were about 3 to 5 t/h higher than the KSC704 and KSC703 controls. Also they had more tolerance to the corn common disease.
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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