دوره 11، شماره 29 - ( بهار 1398 )                   جلد 11 شماره 29 صفحات 1-8 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها

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Yousefi Rad S, Soltanloo H, Ramezanpour S S, Zaynali Nezhad K. The Study of SOS Genes Expression in Mutant Barley Root under Salt Stress. jcb. 2019; 11 (29) :1-8
URL: http://jcb.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-758-fa.html
یوسفی راد ساره، سلطانلو حسن، رمضانپور سیده ساناز، زینلی‌نژاد خلیل. مطالعه بیان ژن های SOS در ریشه جو موتانت تحت تنش شوری. پژوهشنامه اصلاح گیاهان زراعی. 1398; 11 (29) :1-8

URL: http://jcb.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-758-fa.html


دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان
چکیده:   (434 مشاهده)

شوری خاک یکی از مهم­ترین عوامل کاهش‌دهنده عملکرد محصولات کشاورزی می‌باشد. انتقال پیام SOS یکی از مهم­ترین مسیرهای تنظیم هموستازی یونی و از سازوکارهای مهم مقاومت گیاهان در برابر استرس‌های محیطی از جمله تنش شوری می ­باشد. با توجه به اینکه ریشه اولین اندام از گیاه در معرض شوری است، لذا نقش ژن­های دخیل در این مسیر و ارتباط آن با تحمل شوری بین دو ژنوتیپ موتانت جو "73-M4-30" و ژنوتیپ زرجو به‌عنوان والد مورد مطالعه قرار گرفت. در این تحقیق الگوی بیان ژن­هایHvSOS1،HvSOS2  (CIPK24) وHvSOS3  (CBL4) تحت غلظت شوری 300 میلی مولار و زمان­های صفر (کنترل)، 3، 6، 12، 24، 48، 72 و 96 ساعت بین دو ژنوتیپ بررسی شد. تجزیه RT-PCR کمی نشان داد که تحت تنش شوری، سطوح بیان این سه ژن در اندام ریشه ژنوتیپ موتانت متحمل به شوری در مقایسه با رقم والد آن در زمان اولیه 6 ساعت بسیار بیشتر و قوی­تر بود. بیان بالای همزمان این سه ژن در اندام ریشه ژنوتیپ موتانت بیانگر فعالیت آنتی­ پورتر Na+/H+ و خروج Na+ به فضای آپوپلاستی یا انتقال آن از ریشه به اندام هوایی می ­باشد. عدم شباهت در الگوی بیان ژن­های SOS بین دو ژنوتیپ موتانت متحمل به شوری و والد وحشی نشان می­ دهد که جهش می­تواند باعث تغییر توانایی ژنوتیپ موتانت جو متحمل در به­ کارگیری هومئوستازی یونی برای پاسخ به تنش شوری شود.

واژه‌های کلیدی: RT-PCR، Hordeum vulgareکمی، مرحله جوانه زنی
متن کامل [PDF 898 kb]   (153 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: اصلاح نباتات مولكولي
دریافت: ۱۳۹۶/۲/۹ | ویرایش نهایی: ۱۳۹۸/۲/۲۴ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۶/۵/۲۲ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۸/۲/۱۸

فهرست منابع
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57. Liu, J., M. Ishitani, U. Halfter, C.S. Kim and J.K. Zhu. 2000. The Arabidopsis thaliana SOS2 gene encodes a protein kinase that is required for salt tolerance. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 97: 3730-3734. [DOI:10.1073/pnas.97.7.3730]
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60. Maughan, P.J., T.B. Turner, C.E. Coleman, D.B. Elzinga, E.N. Jellen, J.A. Morales, J.A. Udall, D.J. Fairbanks and A. Bonifacio. 2009. Characterization of Salt Overly Sensitive 1 (SOS1) gene homoeologs in quinoa. Chenopodium quinoa Willd. Genome, 52: 647-657. [DOI:10.1139/G09-041]
61. Martinez-Atienza, J., X. Jiang, B. Garciadeblas, I. Mendoza, J.K. Zhu and J.M. Pardo. 2007. Conservation of the salt overly sensitive pathway in rice. Plant Physiology, 143: 1001-1012. [DOI:10.1104/pp.106.092635]
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68. Qiu, Q.S., Y. Guo, M.A. Dietrich, K.S. Schumacher and J.K. Zhu. 2002. Regulation of SOS1, a plasma membrane Na+/H+ exchanger in Arabidopsis thaliana, by SOS2 and SOS3. Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 99: 8436-8441. [DOI:10.1073/pnas.122224699]
69. Quintero, F.J., M. Ohta, H. Shi, J.K. Zhu and J.M. Pardo. 2002. Reconstitution in yeast of the Arabidopsis SOS signaling pathway for Na+ homeostasis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 99: 9061-9066. [DOI:10.1073/pnas.132092099]
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71. Shi, H., B.H. Lee, S.J. Wu and J.K. Zhu. 2003. Overexpression of a plasma membrane Na+/H+ antiporter gene improves salt tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana. Nature Biotechnology, 21: 81-85. [DOI:10.1038/nbt766]
72. Shi, H., M. Ishitani, C. Kim and J.K. Zhu. 2000. The Arabidopsis thaliana salt tolerance gene SOS1 encodes a putative Na+/H+ antiporter. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 97: 6896-6901. [DOI:10.1073/pnas.120170197]
73. Shi, H., F.J. Quintero, J.M. Pardo and J.K. Zhu. 2002. The putative plasma membrane Na(+)/H(+) antiporter SOS1 controls long distance Na(+) transport in plants. Plant Cell, 14: 465-477. [DOI:10.1105/tpc.010371]
74. Takahashia, R., S. Liub and T. Takano. 2009. Isolation and characterization of plasma membrane Na+/H+ antiporter genes from salt-sensitive and salt-tolerant reed plants. Journal of Plant Physiology, 166: 301-309. [DOI:10.1016/j.jplph.2008.04.002]
75. Teige, M., E. Scheikl, T. Eulgem, R. Doczi, K. Ichimura, K. Shinozaki, J.L. Dangl and H. Hirt. 2004. The MKK2 pathway mediates cold and salt stress signaling in Arabidopsis. Molecular Cell, 15(1): 141-52. [DOI:10.1016/j.molcel.2004.06.023]
76. Xu, H., X. Jiang, K. Zhan, X. Cheng, X. Chen, J.M. Pardo and D. Cui. 2008. Functional characterization of a wheat plasma membrane Na+/H+ antiporter in yeast. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 473: 8-15. [DOI:10.1016/j.abb.2008.02.018]
77. Yang, Q., Z.Z. Chen, X.F. Zhou, H.B. Yin, X. Li, X.F. Xin, X.H. Hong, J.K. Zhu and Z.H. Gong. 2009. Overexpression of SOS (Salt Overly Sensitive) genes increases salt tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis. Molecular Plant, 2: 22-31. [DOI:10.1093/mp/ssn058]
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