Volume 10, Issue 26 (9-2018)                   jcb 2018, 10(26): 43-52 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ahmadi M, Omidi M, Alizadeh B, Shah nejat Bushehri A A. (2018). The Selection of Superior Genotypes with High Oil Yield Performance in Rapeseed Mutant Lines (Brassica Napus L.). jcb. 10(26), 43-52. doi:10.29252/jcb.10.26.43
URL: http://jcb.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-759-en.html
University of Tehran
Abstract:   (6982 Views)

With the aim of comparing the grain yield and yield components of 16 oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) mutant lines with cultivars Talayeh, Zarfam, Express and Okapi as check cultivar an experiment was conducted based on  randomized complete block design with three replications during 2015-2016 cropping season in experimental field of Seed and Plant Improvement Institute (SPII) in Karaj. Analysis of variance showed significant differences among the genotypes in length of vegetation period, seed and oil yield. The results showed that the mutant line Z-800-6 had the most grain and oil yield compared to Okapi. The maximum and minimum number of days to maturity was related to mutant lines T-800-6 (256 days) and Exp-900-1 (238 days), respectively. Principal component analysis indicated that three principal components explained more than 79 percent of the variation and were correlated with grain yield, flowering time and oil yield respectively. Stepwise regression analysis showed that number of pod per plant and per main stem, pod length on main stem and 1000-grain weight explained the most of the variation of yield suggesting that they can be used as indices for increasing grain and oil yield in oilseed rape breeding.

Full-Text [PDF 2012 kb]   (1007 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: اصلاح موتاسيوني
Received: 2017/04/29 | Revised: 2018/09/26 | Accepted: 2017/09/10 | Published: 2018/09/26

1. Abd el-latifkhedr, E.K. 2012. Studies on the use of gamma irradiation and tissue culture in improving Brassica napus. M.Sc. thesis, Benha University, Egypt, 106 pp.
2. Abtahi, M. and A. Arzani. 2013. Molecular and morphological assessment of genetic variability induced by gamma radiation in canola. Journal of Plant Molecular Breeding, 1(2): 69-84.
3. Abtahi Foroushani, S.M., A. Arzani and M. Hossein Fotoukian. 2014. Evaluation of genetic diversity of mutations induced by gamma irradiation on morphological traits in the second generation mutant lines of rapeseed. Iranian Journal of Field Crops. Research, 12(2): 254-263 (In Persian).
4. Anonymous. 2012. Consensus document on the biology of the Brassica crops (Brassica spp.). Series on Harmonization of Regulatory Oversight in Biotechnology, OECD Environment, Health and Safety Publications, Paris, France, 54:1-142.
5. Auld, D.L., M.K. Heikkinen, D.A. Erickson, J.L. Sernyk and J.E. Romero. 1992. Rapeseed mutants with reduced levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids and increased levels of oleic acid. Crop Science, 32 (3): 657-662. [DOI:10.2135/cropsci1992.0011183X003200030016x]
6. Baradaran, R., E. Majidi, F. Darvish and M. Azizi. 2006. Study of correlation relationships and Path coefficient analysis between yield and yield components in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Journal of agricultural sciences Islamic Azad University, 12(4):811-819 (In Persian).
7. Emrani, S.N., A. Arzani, G. Saeidi, M. Abtahi, M. Banifatemeh, M.B. Parsa and M.H. Fotokian. 2012. Evaluation of induced genetic variability in agronomic traits by gamma irradiation in canola (Brassica napus L.). Pakistan Journal of Botany, 44(4): 1281-1288.
8. FAO. 2014. FAOSTAT. Food and agricultural commodities production. Available athttp: // faostat. fao. Org/ site/ 339/ default. aspx. FAO.
9. Gerami, M., N. Babaeian Jelodar, R. Moemeni Larimi, A. Ghorbani and N. Bagheri. 2013. Induction of variation in agronomic traits of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) using gamma irradiation and investigation of induced mutation in loci of oleic acid by molecular markers. Journal of Plant Production, 20(1): 107-123 (In Persian).
10. Gupta, S.K. 2007. Advances in botanical research. Rapeseed breeding. In: M. Delseny and J.‐C. Kader (Eds.)-Rapeseed Breeding-Elsevier, Academic Press, 45 pp.
11. Hedayati Marzoni, H. and H. Samiezadeh lahiji. 2016. Genetic Diversity Assessment of Lines and Varieties in Winter Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) using RAPD and SSR Molecular Markers, Journal of Crop Breeding, 8(17):131-139 (In Persian). [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.jcb.8.17.139]
12. Jankulovska, M., S. Ivanovska, A. Marjanovic-jeromela, S. Bolaric, L. Jankuloski, Z. Dimov, D. Bosev and B. Kuzmanovska. 2014. Multivariate analysis of quantitative traits can effectively classify rapeseed germplasm. GENETIKA, 46(2) 545-559. [DOI:10.2298/GENSR1402545J]
13. Khatri, A., I.A. Khan, M.A. Siddiqui, S. Raza and G.S. Nizamani. 2005. Evaluation of high yielding mutants of Brassica juncea cv. S-9 developed through gamma rays and EMS. Pakistan Journal of Botany̗, 37(2): 279-284.
14. Malek, M.A., H.A. Begum, M. Begum, M.A. Sattar, M.R. Ismail and M.Y. Rafii. 2012. Development of two high yielding mutant varieties of mustard [Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.]Through gamma rays irradiation. Australian Journal of crop science, 6(5): 922-927.
15. Manjaya, J.G. and R.S. Nandanwar. 2007. Genetic improvement of soybean variety JS 80- 21 through induced mutations. Plant Mutation Reports, 1(3): 36-40.
16. Mirabadi, A.Z. and M. Samadi Gorji. 2014. Effects of gamma irradiation on yield and yield components of rapeseed. Journal of Plant Production Research, 21(4): 193-204.
17. Mohammad jani, A.M., H. Najafi Zarrini and S.R. Mousavi. 2014. Multivariate analysis of important morphological traits in some rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) Genotypes. International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research, 5(6): 9-14.
18. Mostafavirad, M., M. Azad Marzabadi and S. Faraji. 2013. Evaluation of agronomic traits and grain quality performance in some superior cultivars of winter oilseed rape. Journal of applied crop breeding, 1(1): 33-42 (In Persian).
19. Muhammad Khan, W., S.Z. Shah, M. Saleem Khan, Z.U. Islam, S. Ali, F. Hussain, M. Irshad and M. Zahid. 2014. Effects of gamma radiations on some morphological and biochemical characteristics of Brassica napus L. (Variety Altex). International Journal of Biosciences, 4(10): 36-41. [DOI:10.12692/ijb/4.10.36-41]
20. Rahimi, M.M. and A. Bahrani. 2011. Effect of gamma irradiation on qualitative and quantitative characteristics of canola (Brassica napus L.). Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 8(2): 519-525.
21. Rameeh, V. 2014. Multivariate regression analyses of yield associated traits in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) Genotypes. Advances in Agriculture, 2014: 1-6. [DOI:10.1155/2014/626434]
22. Rosa, A.S., B. Blochtein, N.R. Ferreira and S. Witter. 2010. Apismellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) as a potential Brassica napus pollinator (cv. Hyola 432) (Brassicaceae). Brazilian Journal of Biology, 70 (4): 1075-1081. [DOI:10.1590/S1519-69842010000500024]
23. Samadi Gorji, M., N.B. Jelodar and N. Bagher. 2009. Assessment of gamma ray irradiation on germination and morphological characters in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Journal of Agriculture Science Nat, 16: 315-324 (In Persian).
24. Samadi Gorji, M., A. Zaman Mirabadi, V. Rammeah, M. Hasanpour and A. Esmailifar. 2015. Evaluation of agronomic traits of mutants induced by gamma irradiation in PF and RGS003 varieties of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Journal of Crop Breeding, 7: 135-144 (In Persian).
25. Schnurbush, T., C. Mollers and H.C. Becker. 2000. A mutant of Brassica napus with increased palmitic acid content. Plant Breeding, 119: 141-144. [DOI:10.1046/j.1439-0523.2000.00481.x]
26. Shah, S.A., I. Ali and K. Rahman. 1990. Induction and selection of superior genetic variables of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.). The Nucleus, 26: 37-40.
27. Siddiqui, M.A., I.A. Khan and A. Khatri. 2009. Induced quantitative variability by gamma rays and ethyl methane sulphonate alone and in combination in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Pakistan Journal of Botany, 41: 1189-1195.
28. Thagana, W.M., C.M.N. dirangu, E.O. Omolo and T.C. Riungu. 2013. Variability in M2 generations and characteristics of advanced mutant lines of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Journal of Agricultural Science, 4: 83-86. [DOI:10.1080/09766898.2013.11884705]
29. Yadava, T.P., H. Singh, V.P. Gupta and R.K. Rana. 2010. Heterosis and combining ability in ray for yield and its components. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding, 4(3): 684-695.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Crop Breeding

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb