Volume 10, Issue 25 (6-2018)                   jcb 2018, 10(25): 53-62 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Khahani B, Bihamta M R, Naserian B. Estimation of General and Specific Combining Abilities of Morphological Traits and Grain Yield in Bread Wheat. jcb. 2018; 10 (25) :53-62
URL: http://jcb.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-532-en.html
Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, University of Tehran
Abstract:   (776 Views)

Five wheat varieties were used to estimate gene action for morphological traits and yield and estimate the heritability of traits. The varieties including White Bolani, Brown Bolani, Tajan, Kealk and AS48 mutant have been crossed based on full diallel. The F2 genotypes were planted in a randomized complete block design with three replications in the Nuclear Agricultural Research Institute. Analysis of variance for all the traits revealed that the general combining ability was significant so these traits were controlled by additive genetic effects. The heritability of traits were high and therefore selection based on these will be successful. Additive-dominance model was sufficient for this research and non-allelic effect weren’t observed, therefore Hayman analysis was performed. Hayman’s analysis of variance showed that the additive effects and non-additive effects control the traits. For number of spikelet per spike, second and third internodes diameter, second and third internodes length and leaf area traits, the average degree of dominance indicate that partial dominance controls these traits. Heyman’s graphical analysis showed that partial dominance was involved in controlling these traits.

Full-Text [PDF 1049 kb]   (497 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/03/3 | Revised: 2018/07/7 | Accepted: 2016/11/23 | Published: 2018/07/8

1. Ahmadi, J., A.A. Zali, B. Yazdi-samadi, A. Talaie, M.R. Ghannadha and A. Saeidi. 2003. A Study of Combining Ability and Gene Effect in Bread Wheat under Drought Stress Condition by Diallel Method. Iranian Journal Agriculture Science, 34:1-8 (In Persian).
2. Bordes, J., G. Branlard, F.X. Oury, G. Charmet and F. Balfpurier. 2008. Agronomic characteristics, grain quality and flour rheology of 372 bread wheats in a worldwide core collection. Journal of Cereal Science, 48: 569-579. [DOI:10.1016/j.jcs.2008.05.005]
3. Derikvand, R., E. Farshadfar and F. Nazarian. 2004. Genetic study of some morphophysiological traits in bread wheat lines under dryland conditions using diallel crossing. Seed and Plant Improvement Journal, 20: 429-444 (In Persian).
4. Golabadi, M. and A. Arzani. 2003. Study of Genetic Variation and Factor Analysis of Agronomic Traits in Durum Wheat. Journal of Water and Soil Science, 7: 115-127 (In Persian).
5. Golparyar, A.R., M.R. Ghanadha, A.A. Zali, A. Ahmadi, E.M. Harvan and A. Ghasemi pirbalooti. 2006. Factor analysis of morphological and morpho-physiological traits in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes under drought and non-drought stress conditions. Journal of Pajouhesh and Sazandegi, 72: 52-59 (In Persian).
6. Ghulam Mahboob, S. and M.A. Cjowdhry. 2000. Inheritance of Yield and some other Morpho-Physiological Plant Attributes in Bread Wheat irrigated and drought Stress Condition. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 3: 983-987. [DOI:10.3923/pjbs.2000.983.988]
7. Moghaddam, M. and H. Amiri Oghan. 2015. Biometrical Methods in Quantitative Genetic Analysis. 3th edn. Kalyani Publishers, 415 pp.
8. Mostafavi, Kh., R. Choukan, M. Taeb, M.R. Bihamta and E. Majidi Heravan. 2009. Study of the gene action in controlling agronomic traits in maize (Zea Mays L.) -using diallel crossing design. Iranian Journal of Crop Sciences, 10: 331-348 (In Persian).
9. Nabovati, S., M. Aghaee Sarbarzeh, R. Choukan, F. Ghanavati and G. Najafian. 2010. Genetic Variation in Agronomic Characteristics and Grain Quality Traits of Durum Wheat genotypes. Seed and plant Improvement Journal, 26: 331-350 (In Persian).
10. Ojaghi, J. and A. Akhundi. 2010. Genetic Effects for grain yield and its Related Traits in Doubled Haploid Lines of Wheat. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 1291: 86-90.
11. Pask, A., A.K. Joshi, Y. Manes, I. Sharma, R. Chatrath, G.P. Singh, V.S. Sohu, G.S. Mavi, V.S.P. Sakuru, I.K. Kalappanavar, V.K. Mishra, B. Arun, M.Y. Mujahid, M. Hussain, N.R. Gautam, N.C.D. Brama, A. Hakim, W. Hoppit, R. Trethowan and M.P. Reynolds. 2014. A wheat phenotyping network to incorporate physiological traits for climate change in South Asia. Field Crops Research, 168: 156-167. [DOI:10.1016/j.fcr.2014.07.004]
12. Sadeghi, F. 2014. Estimation of Genetic Structure of Yield and Yield Components in Bread Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) using Diallele Method. Journal of Crop Breeding, 6: 101-113 (In Persian).
13. Saeednia, F., M.T. Assad, H. Razi, M. Masumi and E. Ebrahimie. 2012. Study on the inheritance of wheat streak mosaic virus resistance using diallel cross method. Journal of Plant Production, 19: 73-90 (In Persian).
14. Sangwan, V.P. and B.D. Chaudhary. 1999. Diallel Analysis in Wheat (T.aestivum). Annals of Biology Ludhiana, 15: 181-183.
15. Tousi Mojarrad, M. and M.R. Ghannadha. 2008. Diallel Analysis for Estimation of Genetic Parameters in Relation to Traits of Wheat Height in Normal and Drought Conditions. Journal of Crop Production and Processing, 12: 143-155 (In Persian).
16. Vanda, M. and S. Houshmand. 2011. Estimation of genetic structure of grain yield and related traits in durum wheat using diallel crossing. Iranian Journal of Crop Sciences. 13: 206-218 (In Persian).
17. Vishwakarma, M.k., V.K. Mishra, P.K. Gupta, P.S. Yadav, H. Kumar and A.K. Joshi. 2014. Introgression of the high grain protein gene Gpc-B1 in an elite wheat variety of Indo-Gangetic Plains through marker assisted backcross breeding. Current Plant Biology, 1: 60-67. [DOI:10.1016/j.cpb.2014.09.003]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Crop Breeding

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb